Advantages of robotic over laparoscopic liver surgery—lesson learned from a high-volume medical center

Iswanto Sucandy, Andres Giovannetti


Application of minimally invasive hepatobiliary technique has been exponentially increasing worldwide since its introduction in the early 1990s. Minimally invasive techniques in liver surgery were initially applied only for minor non-anatomical resection of anteriorly and peripherally located lesions, however, it has now been adopted to major resection of >3 segments, redo resection, posterosuperior lesions resection, caudate lobe resection, and even living donor transplantation.