Learning curve and pitfalls in establishing a new robotic liver surgery program

Ahmad Hamad, Allan Tsung, Aslam Ejaz


The development and adaptation of robotic-assisted surgery has provided surgeons and patients with several benefits over laparoscopic surgery. This technology allows for improved dexterity, three-dimensional binocular vision, reduced operative fatigue, improved ergonomics from the console-surgeon interface, and stabilization of tremor during surgery.